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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2014/41899

Title: Overview and applications of UAVSAR's multi-squint polarimetric imaging mode.
Authors: Scott Hensley
Chen, Curtis
Michel, Thierry
Jones, Cathleen
Chapman, Bruce
Muellerschoen, Ron
Keywords: UAVSAR
multisquint
interferometry
radar
troposphere
Issue Date: 24-Jan-2011
Publisher: Pasadena, CA : Jet Propulsion Laboratory, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 2011.
Citation: POLinSAR 2011, Frascati, Italy, January 24, 2011.
Abstract: NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory has developed a reconfigurable polarimetric L-band synthetic aperture radar (SAR), specifically designed to acquire airborne repeat track interferometric (RTI) SAR data for application to monitoring surface deformation and vegetation structure measurements. The system employs a precision autopilot developed by NASA Dryden that allows the plane to fly precise trajectories usually within a 5 m tube. Also required for robust repeat pass applications is the ability to point the antenna in the same direction on repeat passes to a fraction of an azimuth beamwidth (8◦ for UAVSAR). This precise pointing is achieved using an electronically scanned antenna whose pointing is based on inertial navigation unit (INU) attitude angle data. The radar design is fully polarimetric with an 80 MHz bandwidth (2 m range resolution) and has a greater than 20 km range swath when flying at its nominal altitude of 12500 m. The ability to electronically steer the beam on a pulse-to-pulse basis has allowed a new mode of SAR data acquisition whereby the radar beam is steered to different squint angles on successive pulses thereby simultaneously generating images at multiple squint angles. This mode offers the possibility of generating vector deformation measurements with a single pair of repeat passes and to obtain greater kz diversity for vegetation studies with a reduced number of passes. This paper will present an overview of the mode, discuss its potential for deformation and vegetation, and show some examples using UAVSAR data.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2014/41899
Appears in Collections:JPL TRS 1992+

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