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Title: Mars aerobraking spacecraft state estimation by processing inertial measurement unit data
Authors: Jah, Moriba K.
Lisano, Michael E., II
Born, George H.
Axelrad, Penina
Keywords: aerobraking
Entry, Descent, Landing (EDL)
solar sails
Unscented Kalman Filter
Issue Date: 19-Jun-2006
Publisher: AIAA
Citation: SpaceOps 2006 Conference, Rome, Italy, June 19-23, 2006
Series/Report no.: AIAA
Abstract: Aerobraking is an efficient technique for orbit adjustment of planetary spacecraft, such as Magellan (Venus), Mars Global Surveyor, and Mars Odyssey. Determination of the vehicle state during the aerobraking phase has conventionally been performed using only radiometric tracking data prior to and following the atmospheric drag pass. This approach is sufficiently accurate and timely to meet current mission operational requirements; however, it is expensive in terms of ground support and leads to delayed results because of the need for post-drag pass data. This research presents a new approach to estimation of the vehicle state during the atmospheric pass that sequentially incorporates observations from an Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) and models of the vehicle and environment. The approach, called Inertial Measurements for Aerobraking Navigation (IMAN), is shown to perform at a level comparable to the conventional methods in terms of navigation accuracy and superior to them in terms of availability of the results immediately after completion of the pass. Furthermore, the research shows that IMAN can be used to reliably predict subsequent periapsis times and locations over all aerobraking regimes. IMAN also yields accurate peak dynamic pressure and heating rates, critical for a successful corridor control strategy, comparable to navigation team reconstructed values. This research also provides the first instance of the utilization of the Unscented Kalman Filter for the purpose of estimating an actual spacecraft trajectory arc about another planet.
Appears in Collections:JPL TRS 1992+

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