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Title: Magnetic field in the outer heliosphere.
Authors: Smith, Edward J.
Keywords: interplanetary magnetic fields
solar wind
outer heliosphere
Parker model
Issue Date: 15-Sep-2004
Publisher: American Institute of Physics
Citation: American Institute of Physics Conference Proceedings, Vol. 719, pp. 213-220, doi :10.1063/1.1809520
Abstract: Observed properties of the magnetic field in the outer heliosphere are generally well described by the Parker model but evidence has accumulated of significant departures in the components and field magnitude. The radial component is independent of solar latitude at both solar minimum and maximum implying non-radial solar wind flow near the Sun driven by differential magnetic pressure. The azimuthal component deviates from the Parker values at high latitudes as a result of the non-radial flow near the Sun that causes fields to originate at higher latitudes than those at which they are observed far from the Sun. A turning of the spiral angle toward the radial direction by tens of degrees is often observed inside co-rotating rarefaction regions (dwells). A recent model attributes this effect to a motion of the field across polar coronal hole boundaries that results in different solar wind speeds along parts of the field line. The north-south component can depart from zero for many days as a result of the tilting of the interface between fast and slow streams. Recent Voyager observations show that, during solar minimum, the field magnitude is smaller than extrapolations outward from 1 AU. This "flux deficit," seen earlier in Pioneer data, may be explained by any of several physical models.
Appears in Collections:JPL TRS 1992+

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