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Title: The 1997-1999 abrupt change of the upper ocean temperature in the north central Pacific.
Authors: Kim, Seung-Bum
Lee, Tong
Fukumori, Ichiro
Keywords: climate
interannual variability
upper ocean processes
ocean modeling
North Pacific variability
Issue Date: 11-Nov-2004
Publisher: The American Geophysical Union
Citation: GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 31, L22304, doi:10.1029/2004GL021142, 2004
Abstract: The abrupt warming of the north central Pacific Ocean from 1997 to 1999 is studied using an ocean data assimilation product. During this period, the average mixed-layer temperature in the region of 170–210°E, 25–40°N rises by 1.8 K. The major contributors to the warming are surface heat flux (1.3 K), geostrophic advection (0.7 K), and entrainment (0.7 K). For the geostrophic advection, the contributions by the zonal, meridional, and vertical components are 0.4, -0.1 and 0.3 K, respectively. Mixing and meridional Ekman advection have cooling effect. The significance of the geostrophic advection indicates the importance of ocean dynamics in controlling the abrupt warming tendency during the 1997–99 period and the inadequacy of a slabmixed-layer model in simulating such warming tendency
Appears in Collections:JPL TRS 1992+

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