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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2014/40231

Title: Is solar variability reflected in the Nile River?
Authors: Ruzmaikin, Alexander
Feynman, Joan
Yung, Yuk L.
Keywords: climate variability
solar variability
Issue Date: 11-Nov-2006
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Citation: Journal Of Geophysical Research, Vol. 111, D21114, doi:10.1029/2006JD007462, 2006
Abstract: We investigate the possibility that solar variability influences North African climate by using annual records of the water level of the Nile collected in 622–1470 A.D. The time series of these records are nonstationary, in that the amplitudes and frequencies of the quasi-periodic variations are time-dependent. We apply the Empirical Mode Decomposition technique especially designed to deal with such time series. We identify two characteristic timescales in the records that may be linked to solar variability: a period of about 88 years and one exceeding 200 years. We show that these timescales are present in the number of auroras reported per decade in the Northern Hemisphere at the same time. The 11-year cycle is seen in the Nile’s high-water level variations, but it is damped in the low-water anomalies. We suggest a possible physical link between solar variability and the low-frequency variations of the Nile water level. This link involves the influence of solar variability on the atmospheric Northern Annual Mode and on its North Atlantic Ocean and Indian Ocean patterns that affect the rainfall over the sources of the Nile in eastern equatorial Africa.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2014/40231
Appears in Collections:JPL TRS 1992+

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