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Title: A Martian telecommunications network : UHF relay support of the Mars Exploration Rovers by the Mars Global Surveyor, Mars Odyssey, and Mars Express Orbiters.
Authors: Edwards, Charles D., Jr.
Barbieri, A.
Brower, E.
Estabrook, P.
Gibbs, R.
Horttor, R.
Ludwinski, J.
Mase, R.
McCarthy, C.
Schmidt, R.
Theisinger, P.
Thorpe, T.
Waggoner, B.
Keywords: Mars Exploration Rovers (MER)
Mars relay infrastructure
mission overview
critical event communications
Issue Date: 4-Oct-2004
Publisher: Pasadena, CA : Jet Propulsion Laboratory, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 2004.
Citation: 55th International Astonautical Congress, Vancouver, Bristish Columbia, Canada, October 4-8, 2004.
Abstract: NASA and ESA have established an international network of Mars orbiters, outfitted with relay communications payloads, to support robotic exploration of the red planet. Starting in January, 2004, this network has provided the Mars Exploration Rovers with telecommunications relay services, significantly increasing rover engineering and science data return while enhancing mission robustness and operability. Augmenting the data return capabilities of their X-band direct-to-Earth links, the rovers are equipped with UHF transceivers allowing data to be relayed at high rate to the Mars Global Surveyor (MGS), Mars Odyssey, and Mars Express orbiters. As of 21 July, 2004, over 50 Gbits of MER data have been obtained, with nearly 95% of that data returned via the MGS and Odyssey UHF relay paths, allowing a large increase in science return from the Martian surface relative to the X-band direct-to-Earth link. The MGS spacecraft also supported high-rate UHF communications of MER engineering telemetry during the critical period of entry, descent, and landing (EDL), augmenting the very low-rate EDL data collected on the X-band direct-to-Earth link. Through adoption of the new CCSDS Proximity-1 Link Protocol, NASA and ESA have achieved interoperability among these Mars assets, as validated by a successful relay demonstration between Spirit and Mars Express, enabling future interagency cross-support and establishing a truly international relay network at Mars.
Appears in Collections:JPL TRS 1992+

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