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Title: Dynamics of Earth orbiting formations
Authors: Ploen, Scott R.
Scharf, Daniel P.
Hadaegh, Fred Y.
Acikmese, Ahmed B.
Keywords: formation flying
Issue Date: 16-Aug-2004
Publisher: Pasadena, CA : Jet Propulsion Laboratory, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 2004
Citation: AIAA Guidance, Navigation and Control Conference, Providence, Rhode Island, August 16, 2004.
Abstract: In this paper the equations of motion of a formation consisting of n spacecraft in Earth orbit are derived via Lagrange’s equations. The equations of motion of the formation are developed with respect to both (1) a bound Keplerian reference orbit, and (2) a specific spacecraft in the formation. The major orbital perturbations acting on a formation in low Earth orbit are also included in the analysis. In contrast to the traditional approach based on the balance of linear momentum, the use of Lagrange’s equations leads to a high-level matrix derivation of the formation equations of motion. The matrix form of the nonlinear motion equations is then linearized about a bound Keplerian reference orbit. Next, it is demonstrated that under the assumption of a circular reference orbit, the linearized equations of motion reduce to the well-known Hill-Clohessy-Wiltshire equations. The resulting linear and nonlinear dynamic equations lead to maximal physical insight into the structure of formation dynamics, and are ideally suited for use in the design and validation of formation guidance and control laws
Appears in Collections:JPL TRS 1992+

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