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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2014/38755

Title: Deep Impact Autonomous Navigation : the trials of targeting the unknown
Authors: Kubitschek, Daniel G.
Mastrodemos, Nickolaos
Werner, Robert A.
Kennedy, Brian M.
Synnott, Stephen P.
Null, George W.
Bhaskaran, Shyam
Riedel, Joseph E.
Vaughan, Andrew T.
Keywords: Deep Impact
impactor spacecraft
comet Tempel 1
Issue Date: 4-Feb-2006
Publisher: Pasadena, CA : Jet Propulsion Laboratory, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 2006.
Citation: 29th Annual AAS Guidance and Control Conference, Breckenridge, Colorado, February 4-8, 2006.
Abstract: On July 4, 2005 at 05:44:34.2 UTC the Impactor Spacecraft (s/c) impacted comet Tempel 1 with a relative speed of 10.3 km/s capturing high-resolution images of the surface of a cometary nucleus just seconds before impact. Meanwhile, the Flyby s/c captured the impact event using both the Medium Resolution Imager (MRI) and the High Resolution Imager (HRI) and tracked the nucleus for the entire 800 sec period between impact and shield attitude transition. The objective of the Impactor s/c was to impact in an illuminated area viewable from the Flyby s/c and capture high-resolution context images of the impact site. This was accomplished by using autonomous navigation (AutoNav) algorithms and precise attitude information from the attitude determination and control subsystem (ADCS). The Flyby s/c had two primary objectives: 1) capture the impact event with the highest temporal resolution possible in order to observe the ejecta plume expansion dynamics; and 2) track the impact site for at least 800 sec to observe the crater formation and capture the highest resolution images possible of the fully developed crater. These two objectives were met by estimating the Flyby s/c trajectory relative to Tempel 1 using the same AutoNav algorithms along with precise attitude information from ADCS and independently selecting the best impact site. This paper describes the AutoNav system, what happened during the encounter with Tempel 1 and what could have happened.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2014/38755
Appears in Collections:JPL TRS 1992+

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