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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2014/37408

Title: Glacial isostatic stress shadowing by the Antarctic ice sheet
Authors: Ivins, E. R.
James, T. S.
Klemann, V.
Keywords: seismology
tectonophysics
Antarctic ice sheet
Coulomb stress
Issue Date: 3-Jan-2005
Series/Report no.: Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol.108, No. B12 (2003), pp.2560 -;doi:10.1029/2002JB002182
Abstract: Numerous examples of fault slip that offset late Quaternary glacial deposits and bedrock polish support the idea that the glacial loading cycle causes earthquakes in the upper crust. A semianalytical scheme is presented for quantifying glacial and postglacial lithospheric fault reactivation using contemporary rock fracture prediction methods. It extends previous studies by considering differential Mogi-von Mises stresses, in addition to those resulting from a Coulomb analysis. The approach utilizes gravitational viscoelastodynamic theory and explores the relationships between ice mass history and regional seismicity and faulting in a segment of East Antarctica containing the great Antarctic Plate (Balleny Island) earthquake of 25 March 1998 (Mw 8.1). Predictions of the failure stress fields within the seismogenic crust are generated for differing assumptions about background stress orientation, mantle viscosity, lithospheric thickness, and possible late Holocene deglaciation for the D91 Antarctic ice sheet history. Similar stress fracture fields are predicted by Mogi-von Mises and Coulomb theory, thus validating previous rebound Coulomb analysis. A thick lithosphere, of the order of 150–240 km, augments stress shadowing by a late melting (middle-late Holocene) coastal East Antarctic ice complex and could cause present-day earthquakes many hundreds of kilometers seaward of the former Last Glacial Maximum grounding line.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2014/37408
ISSN: 0148-0227
Appears in Collections:JPL TRS 1992+

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