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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2014/35432

Title: Component Selection, Accelerated Testing, and Improved Modeling of AMTEC Systems for Space Power
Authors: Williams, R.M.
Jeffries-Nakamura, B.
Ryan, M.A.
Underwood, M.L.
Suitor, J.
O'Connor, D.
Issue Date: Aug-1993
Citation: Atlanta, GA
Abstract: Alkali metal thermal to electric converter (AMTEC) designs for space power are numerous, but the selection of materials for construction of long-lived AMTEC devices has been limited to electrodes, current collectors, and the solid electrolyte. AMTEC devices with lifetimes greater than 5 years require careful selection and life testing of all hot-side components. The likely selection of a remote condensed design for initial flight test and probable use with a radioisotope heat source in AMTEC powered planet probes requires the device to be constructed to tolerate operating T greater than 1150K, as well as exposure to Na<SUB>(g)</SUB>, and Na<SUB>(liq)</SUB> on the high pressure side. The temperatures involved make the characterization of high strength and chemical resistance to Na containing Na<SUB>2</SUB>O critical. Selection among materials which can be worked should not be driven by ease of fabricablity, as high temperature stability is the critical issue. These concepts drive the selecton of Mo alloys for Na<SUB>(liq)</SUB> containment in AMTEC cells for T to 1150K operation, as they are significantly stronger than comparable Nb or Ta alloys, are less soluble in Na<SUB>(liq)</SUB> containing dissolved Na<SUB>2</SUB>O, are workable compared with W alloys (which might be used for certain components), and are ductile at the T greater than 500K of proposed AMTEC modules in space applications.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2014/35432
Appears in Collections:JPL TRS 1992+

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