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Title: Component Selection, Accelerated Testing, and Improved Modeling of AMTEC Systems for Space Power (abstract)
Authors: Williams, R. M.
Jeffries-Nakamura, B.
Ryan, M. A.
Underwood, M. L.
Suitor, J.
O'Connor, D.
Issue Date: 1993
Citation: Atlanta, GA
Abstract: Alkali metal thermal to electric converter (AMTEC) designs for space power are numerous, but selection of materials for construction of long-lived AMTEC devices has been limited to electrodes, current collectors, and the solid electrolyte. AMTEC devices with lifetimes greater than 5 years require careful selection and life testing of all hot-side components. The likely selection of a remote condensed design for initial flight test and probable use with a GPHS in AMTEC powered outer planet probes requires the device to be constructed to tolerate T greater than 1150K, as well as exposure to Na<SUB>(g)</SUB>, and Na<SUB>(liq)</SUB> on the high pressure side. The temperatures involved make critical high strength and chemical resistance to Na containing Na<SUB>2</SUB>O. Selection among materials which can be worked should not be driven by ease of fabricability, as high temperature stability is the critical issue. These concepts drive the selection of Mo alloys for Na<SUB>(liq)</SUB> containment in AMTEC cells for T to 1150K operation, as they are significantly stronger than comparable NB or Ta alloys, are less soluble in Na<SUB>(liq)</SUB> containing dissolved Na<SUB>2</SUB>O, are workable compared to W alloys (which might be used for certain components), and are ductile at the T greater than 500K of proposed AMTEC modules in space applications.
Appears in Collections:JPL TRS 1992+

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