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Title: (abstract) Through the Europan Ice: Advanced Lander Mission Options
Authors: Trowell, Stephen
Wild, James
Horvath, Joan
Jones, Jack
Johnson, Elizabeth
Cutts, James
Issue Date: 12-Nov-1996
Citation: San Juan Capistrano, CA
Abstract: A variety of options for missions to visit Europa and study it in depth are being discussed. A first reconaissance may be made with an orbiter only. However, detailed examination of any water-ice ocean, particularily to determine the possible existence of biochemical materials, will require landing on and perhaps melting down through the ice itself to directly explore the Europan ocean. A first mission to Europa will attempt to determine whether or not this liquid water exists. Assuming this first mission determined it likely that liquid water did indeed exist, a more sophisticated lander package would be appropriate. This paper will describe strawman designs of this advanced lander as well and will discuss the many opportunities and challences in creating such spacecraft. Work in progress at both Leicester and JPL to further determine cryobot feasibility through numerical modeling and mechanical prototyping will be described.
Appears in Collections:JPL TRS 1992+

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