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Title: Irreversible Capacities of Graphite in Low Temperature Electrolytes for Lithium-Ion Batteries
Authors: Ratnakumar, B.
Smart, M.
Surampudi, S.
Wang, Y.
Zhang, X.
Greenbaum, S.
Hightower, A.
Ahn, C.
Fultz, B.
Issue Date: Apr-1999
Citation: Electrochemical Society Journal
Abstract: Carbonaceous anode materials in lithium ion rechargeable cells experience irreversible capacity, mainly due to a consumption of lithium in the formation of surface passive films. The stability and kinetics of lithium intercalation into the carbon anodes are dictated by these films.
Appears in Collections:JPL TRS 1992+

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